IT TRAINING

Microsoft 55039 – Windows PowerShell Scripting and Toolmaking

In this course you will learn how to build reusable tools by using Windows PowerShell 3.0.

You will also learn functions to deal with anticipated errors using standard PowerShell patterns and practices.

Who needs to attend

Who needs to attend?
This course is aimed at administrators with working knowledge of Windows PowerShell and are able to use Windows PowerShell to run complex, interactive commands.

what you will learn

What you will learn

Upon completion you will know how to:

  • Write tools, including scripting, parameterizing commands, and providing verbose output
  • Debug tools and provide error handling within tools
  • Combine tools into script and manifest modules
  • Create custom formatting views
  • Create tools that are consistent in naming and operation with native Windows PowerShell tools
Prerequisites

Prerequisites

Students need to have:

  • Attendance in the Automating Administration with Windows PowerShell v3.0 (M10961) is strongly recommended as a pre-requisite to this course
  • Experience in administering Windows server and client computers
  • Experience in running interactive Windows PowerShell commands from the command prompt
Course outline

Course Outline

Module 1: Preparing for Scripting
This module explains how to prepare the environment for scripting, and provides refresher and background information for scripting.
Lessons
Securing the Scripting Environment
Understanding Variables and Operators
Understanding Scripting Constructs and Scope
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Describe and set the execution policy.
Run Windows PowerShell scripts.
Use variables and operators.
Describe and use scripting constructs.
Describe the operation of Windows PowerShell scope.
Module 2: Parameterizing a Command
This module explains how to start with an existing command and parameterize it to create a reusable tool.
Lessons
Designing Parameters
Implementing Parameters
Lab : Parameterizing a Command
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Evolve a command into a parameterized script.
Module 3: Creating a Script Module
This module explains how to turn a basic script into a script module that can be distributed, loaded, and unloaded in Windows PowerShell.
Lessons
Designing Script Modules
Implementing Script Modules
Lab : Creating a Script Module
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Create a script module based upon an existing script or function.
Module 4: Handling Errors
This module explains how to trap and handle errors within a script module.
Lessons
Designing Error Handling
Implementing Error Handling
Lab : Handling Errors
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Describe and use the Try…Catch construct.
Handle command errors.
Handle non-command errors.
Log errors to a file.
Display warning messages.
Module 5: Writing Commands that Use Pipeline Input and Output
This module explains how to write commands that integrate with the Windows PowerShell pipeline. Students will create commands that produce pipeline output and that accept pipeline input.
Lessons
Understanding Pipeline Parameter Binding
Implementing Pipeline Parameter Input
Implementing Pipeline Parameter Input
Lab : Writing Commands that Use Pipeline Inout and Output
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Create commands that accept pipeline input.
Create commands that consolidate multiple data sources into Windows PowerShell pipeline output.
Module 6: Creating Hierarchical Command Output
This module explains how to create, and use, object-oriented output that includes object hierarchies.
Lessons
Designing Complex Command Output
Implementing Complex Command Output
Using Object Hierarchies
Lab : Creating Hierarchical Command Output
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Create hierarchical, object-oriented command output.
Use hierarchical, object—oriented command output.
Module 7: Debugging Scripts
This module explains Windows PowerShell techniques used to debug scripts, and provides students with opportunities to practice debugging skills.
Lessons
Designing Scripts for Debugging
Implementing Script Debugging
Lab : Debugging Scripts
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Debug scripts by using Write-Debug.
Debug scripts by using PSBreakpoints.
Module 8: Customizing Default Formatting
This module explain how to create a custom formatting view that can be added to a script module.
Lessons
Designing Formatting
Implementing Custom Formatting
Lab : Customizing Default Formatting
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Create custom type extensions.
Create custom views.
Module 9: Adding Advanced Parameter Attributes and Command Documentation
This module explains how to declare parameter aliases, help messages, and input validation. It also explains how to implement switch parameters, how to add support for the –WhatIf and –Confirm parameters, and how to add comment-based help to a command.
Lessons
Implementing Advanced Parameter Attribtues
Implementing Help Documentation
Lab : Adding Advanced Parameter Attributes and Command Documentation
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Add advanced parameter attributes, including aliases and validation.
Create comment-based documentation for commands.
Write commands that use –WhatIf and –Confirm parameters.
Module 10: Creating Controller Scripts
This module explains how to create scripts that implement complex business processes by running multiple tools in a specified sequence.
Lessons
Designing Script Execution
Implementing a Controller Script
Lab : Creating Controller Scripts
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Implement controller scripts by combining specified tools.
Test and debug controller scripts.
Module 11: Creating HTML-Based Reports
This module explains how to write controller scripts that produce HTML-based management reports.
Lessons
Creating Basic HTML Reports
Creating Enhanced HTML Reports
Lab : Creating Reports by using HTML
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Create basic and enhanced HTML reports that include specified management information.
Module 12: Creating Basic Workflows
This modules explains the key differences between Windows PowerShell functions and workflows, and shows students how to create a basic workflow.
Lessons
Understanding Workflows
Implementing Workflows
Lab : Creating Basic Workflows
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Describe the differences between a Windows PowerShell function and a workflow
Convert a function to a workflow
Run a workflow that includes parallel execution
Module 13: Working with XML Data
This module explains how Windows PowerShell interprets, represents, and manipulates XML-based data.
Lessons
Understanding XML
Implementing XML Manipulation
Lab : Working with XML Data
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Load, manipulate, and save data in XML formats.
Module 14: Using Advanced Scripting Techniques
This module explains how to use advanced scripting techniques, including execution of external commands and graphical user interfaces.
Lessons
Using External Functionality
Adding Graphical User Interface Elements
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Run external commands from inside Windows PowerShell
Describe the process required to create a graphical user interface in Windows PowerShell
Module 15: Creating Proxy Functions
This module explains how to create proxy functions in Windows PowerShell.
Lessons
Designing Proxy Functions
Implementing Proxy Functions
Lab : Creating Proxy Functions
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Create and modify proxy functions in Windows PowerShell
Module 16: Building Tools in Windows PowerShell
This module is a “final exam” for the course, and offers students the opportunity to build a complete tool, from scratch, using many of the techniques that they have learned in the preceding days.
Lessons
Designing the Tool
Implementing the Tool
Testing the Tool
Lab : Building Tools in Windows PowerShell
After completing this module, students will be able to:

Design, create, and test tools in Windows PowerShell

Follow on
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Certification programs
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